Northern New York Michigan Sauce Recipe

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A red plastic food basket holding a Michigan style hot dog with mustard and chopped onions on a new england style bun, sitting next to a can of Upstate New York hard cider.

We are traveling WELL outside the Finger Lakes region with today’s recipe. Today we are exploring the Northern New York roadside stand favorite, the Michigan dog!

If you aren’t from New York, the chances are high you may not have heard of a Michigan Dog, and I can’t wait to introduce you! It’s a tasty summertime drive-in staple with a long history and a huge fan base.

What is a Michigan Style Hot Dog?

A Michigan Style Hot Dog is Northern New York regional specialty! It consists of a steamed hot dog, served on a New England Style bun, topped with a meaty sauce, generally referred to as “Michigan sauce”. Michigans are commonly served with chopped onions and mustard. If served with chopped onions, the onions can either be buried under the sauce, under the hot dog itself or sprinkled on top of the sauce.

You can find Michigans in New York’s North Country, which happens to be New York’s extreme northern border, think the tippy top Canadian border New York!

Where does the term Michigan hot dog come from?

A red plastic food basket holding a Michigan style hot dog with mustard and chopped onions on a new england style bun, sitting next to a can of Upstate New York hard cider.

Like almost every other Upstate New York Regional Dish I have ever written about here on the blog, the history of the Michigan hot dog are murky. But there is a generally accepted story as to how hot dog called a “Michigan” a ended up in Nothern New York.

Garth and Eula Otis, who were originally from Detroit but came to the Plattsburgh area from the midwest in the early 1920s are thought to be the creators of the Michigan Style Hot Dog.

Before moving to Upstate New York, Mrs. Otis had learned to make a special meat sauce for a hot dog known in Detroit as a “Coney,” or a “Coney Island.” Over time, she perfected her own distinct recipe and after settling in New York, Mr. and Mrs. Otis opened a hot dog stand on Lake Shore Road in Plattsburgh in 1925.

It’s likely that the Otis’s assumed no one in the Plattsburgh area at the time would know what the heck a “Coney” was, so they simply called them a “Michigan style hot dog.” As locals caught on to the tasty treat, the name was quickly shortened to “Michigan,” and they were off and running. The couple’s first stand was aptly called the “Michigan Hot Dog Stand,” which was later changed to the “Michigan Red Hot Stand”.

Jack “Nitzi” Rabin (also known as Irving J. Rabinowitz) was hired as a carhop by Mrs. Otis, and eventually, she sold him the business AND her secret recipe.

Nitzi knocked down the Otis’ original little hot dog stand and established what eventually became the present-day Nitzi’s / McSweeney’s in 1935. “Clare and Carl’s” opened across the road in 1942 while Nitzi was off fighting in World War II. Nitzi, however, had one final contribution to make; unsatisfied with the hot dog buns that were available at the time, he went to a local bakery (Bouyea’s) and contracted them to make a special New England style “Michigan” roll designed to his own specifications. Thus, the “Michigan” was born.

What Kind Of Hot Dog Do You Use For a Michigan?

Most of the places serving a Michigan style hot dog use Glazier’s hot dogs. These unique Red Hots are immediately identifiable by their bright red natural casing, and are deserving of a post all their own! Glazier’s is a family-owned business that manufactures hot dogs and other products in Potsdam, NY.

Glazier’s is also a full-service food distributor, distributing not only their hot dogs, but also a wide variety of other products within a 100-mile radius of the Potsdam area, which means finding Glazier’s hot dogs in other areas can be very difficult.

A opened package of Glazier's Frankfurters on a wooden cutting board.

As for the hot dogs themselves, the natural casing of Glazier’s gives the dog it a distinctive “snap” when you bite into it, and gets its red color thanks to Red Dye #3. The dog is made of a combination of pork and beef, and has a surprisingly flavorful taste with garlic undertones.

What’s the difference between michigan sauce and garbage plate sauce?

While both sauces feature ground beef, North Country Michigan sauce is totally different from Rochester Hot Sauce in that the hot sauce! Rochester Hot Sauce usually contains more of the traditional “Greek Seasonings” and typically has cinnamon or cloves with cayenne pepper for heat. While the Michigan sauce has a more traditional chili flavor, with very little heat.

The Tomato Sauce Controversy

There is some controversy about using tomato sauce in Michigan Sauce Recipes. There is a group who claim there should no tomato sauce whatsoever in a Michigan Sauce Recipe. I cannot confirm or deny that the original recipes did or didn’t have tomato sauce in them.

The recipes I share here are based on recipes I have found, reviews, and my personal trial and errors with recipes.

Local restaurant recipes, are undoubtedly, some of the most popular recipes here on the blog, they are also hands-down the most difficult to obtain from the source. Chefs are notorious for guarding their culinary secrets, and many of our once loved establishments are no longer around.

Replicating a locally loved restaurant creation—intended to be cooked by professionals, with professional tools and appliances for large crowds of people— comes with its own unique set of challenges. As home cooks sometimes tweaks are made and we use what is available, and makes sense for our home kitchen situation, but still turns out a very authentic-tasting result.

Making Michigan Sauce in the Slow Cooker

I love my slow cooker, but it has a serious disadvantage when it comes to soups, stews, and sauces that are traditionally cooked on the stovetop and simmered down. The lid on the slow cooker traps the steam, which drips back into your sauce, so it never really cooks down and you end up with a sauce that is a little on the watery side.

To prevent a bland and watery slow-cooked Michigan sauce, prop the lid open with a wooden spoon or chopstick to let steam escape as it’s cooking. This will allow the liquid to reduce and result in a thicker, and more flavorful sauce.

Michigan Hot Sauce

Michigan Hot Sauce

Yield: 24 Servings
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 3 hours
Total Time: 3 hours 15 minutes

Recreate the Northern New York roadside stand staple in your own kitchen! This sauce is a key ingredient for an Upstate New York Michigan, which is a red hot (usually a Glazier hot dog) on a New England Style Roll, with meat sauce, mustard, and onions.


  • 1 29-ounce can of tomato sauce
  • 2 pounds hamburger
  • 4 tsp. chili powder
  • 2 tsp. dried onion
  • 2 tsp. garlic powder
  • 3-4 Tablespoons hot sauce, such as Frank’s
  • 2 tsp. black pepper
  • 2 tsp. cumin


    1. Mix all ingredients together, except meat.
    2. Add meat raw and mash with a potato masher while the sauce is cooking. It is important to mash the meat while it is raw, to get the consistency right! Michigan sauce, traditionally, is a very thick sauce that doesn’t have meat chunks.
    3. Simmer 2-3 hours, stirring and mashing with the potato masher occasionally.


You can also cook Michigan sauce in a slow cooker. Follow the instructions, but cook for on low for about 6 hours.

Michigan sauce is a pretty thick sauce when it’s done, and doesn't have clumps of meat, that's why the potato masher is the best tool for this job.

This recipe makes a fairly large batch. You can freeze Michigan sauce in small portions to enjoy later. A typical serving of Michigan sauce is roughly 1/4 cup, so I freeze 4 servings (1 cup) in a freezer-safe plastic storage container.

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Nutrition Information:
Yield: 24 Serving Size: 2 tablespoons
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 110Total Fat: 5gSaturated Fat: 2gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 3gCholesterol: 22mgSodium: 401mgCarbohydrates: 10gFiber: 1gSugar: 1gProtein: 7g

Even though I try to provide accurate nutritional information to the best of my ability, these figures should still be considered estimates. Please see my Nutrition Disclaimer for more information.

Nitzi’s Michigan Sauce Recipe

My recipe above is a very close adaptation of Nitzi’s Orignal Michigan Sauce Recipe, but influenced by a couple of other old recipes I found floating around the internet. You can find them all below. I love coming across these old handwritten recipes on the interwebz. Of course, I can neither confirm nor deny their origins.

Where to get a Michigan In Upstate Ny

If you find yourself in Northern New York, make sure to check out one of the local stands to get an authentic Michigan!

Clare & Carl’s 4729 NY-9, Plattsburgh, New York 518-561-1163 (Open spring and summer)

Gus’ Red Hots 3 Cumberland Head Road Plattsburgh, New York 12901 518-561-3711‎

McSweeney’s Red Hots 4704 State Route 9, Plattsburgh, New York 518-562-9309‎

Ronnie’s Michigan Stand 1265 State Route 3 Plattsburgh, New York 12901 518-561-3879

Michigans Plus 313 Cornelia St Plattsburgh, NY 12901-2308 518-561-0537

Gene’s Michigan Stand 4201 Nys Route 9N Port Henry, New York 12974 518-546-7292

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  1. This was how my mother made it.
    1 lb burger,med onion chopped, 1/4 green pepper chopped,1/4 t. Paprika, 1 t chili powder, 1/2 t garlic powder, 1/4 t crushed red pepper, 1 can tomato soup. Brown burger,onion, pepper, then add spices and soup simmer for 10 minutes,at least.All ingredients can be adjusted to your personal preferences, of course.
    As I recall it was very tasty. I do have to say that I like the addition of vinegar to some of the sauces. We always had mustard with them.

  2. Plattsburgh is my home town and I vividly recall going to Nitzi’s Red Hot stand on a weekly basis with my parents. We would always sit at the counter and visit with Nitzi himself while enjoying those Michigans. Now that I’ve found Nitzi’s original recipe, I keep some frozen for special occasions. Today, on Memorial Day weekend, with friends and family coming over, and no time to cook a batch according the original recipe, I improvised and used my handy Instant Pot. I was concerned about the amount of liquid needed to bring the pot to pressure so I added a little beef broth. I needn’t had bothered. The meat itself and the tomato sauce would have been sufficient. I did brown the meat first and then addded the rest of the ingredients. 10 minutes on high pressure with a 10 minute natural release did the trick. Try this if you’re short on time.

  3. As someone who has actually eaten more than one Michigan at the original Nitzi’s I would add:

    1. Their Michigans had the option of being served with actual diced Onions and you could have them on top of or “buried” under the sauce.

    2. Their Michigans were served with a strip of Mustard on the top of the sauce and onions

  4. I’ll have to try it I was first introduced to the Michigan hot dog when I was stationed at Plattsburgh AFB in 1958 I loved them. First time I found a recipe. Is there a recipe for a smaller amount. Thanks for the recipe.

  5. I grew up in near Plattsburgh and running across this recipe is a blessing and a curse. On one hand I am very homesick, but can now introduce my husband and children to real Michigans so I call it a win lol.

  6. Grew up in Plattsburgh. My brother worked at Clare & Carl’s in high school and college. This brings back some great memories. Here’s Clare’s recipe that my brother passed on to me:

    4 lbs Hamburger
    2 28 oz. cans of crushed tomatoes
    2 pkgs. Chillio mix
    6 tbls. cumen
    12 tbls. chilli powder
    4 tbls. hot sauce
    4 tbls. sugar
    4 tbls. minced onion

    I make this sauce in a dutch oven (you can use a large pot too). Put all ingredients in the dutch oven, cover and cook on low-medium heat for 1-2 hours. Do not brown the meat, just put in the pot with all the other ingredients. Stir sauce every 15 minutes while cooking. This recipe makes a lot of sauce. I normally cut it in half. Enjoy!

    1. @Scott, I remember Recore’s store they were great for them fresh made daily now I believe it’s a Stewart’s now. Great memories

    2. @Scott,

      I live wayyyy up here and have yet to find this recipe with chilio so that must be the one thing I have been missing all this time! Thanks so much. I have it on the stove now! And for those that have never had a Michigan, try them now! And those that come to visit…go eat at Clare and Carls before it completely sinks in the ground!

  7. Don’t forget Ethel’s Dew Drop Inn 3901 NYS Route 22, Willsboro, NY. (518) 963-8389. Love their Michigans! Opens Memorial Day through the fall.

  8. My mom was born and raised in Plattsburgh. She met my father on the Air Force Base that sadly is no longer there. They married and moved to Rochester after his enlistment was up. Michigans are definitely a northern NY thing, not many people know what I am talking about when I tell them I’m making Michigans for dinner. They are delicious! Her recipe is a little different though. It’s just ground beef, ketchup, mustard and tomato paste. Thanks for the history on them, I didn’t know the whole backstory.